Breast reconstruction is performed for women who have lost their breasts due to breast cancer or other diseases, or for those who have congenital deformities of their breasts. It is advisable to consult a plastic surgeon before the breast is removed in order to improve the results of breast reconstruction, because in some cases it is possible to restore the breast during the mastectomy procedure.
During this operation attempts are made not only to form a new breast but also to return self-confidence, alleviate emotional discomfort and to increase the quality of life of the patient. In general, a new breast can be formed either by using autologous tissues from the same patient, or by using synthetic implants. It is important to know that whatever choice of breast reconstruction technique is made, a single procedure will not be enough to achieve good results. Often additional procedures such as adjustments of the breast shape, areola and nipple reconstruction, or reduction of the opposite breast need to be undertaken, until eventually the patient is satisfied with the results.